Exercise and Sports Medicine

Cardiovascular Effects and Exercise

  • What Is Sports Cardiology? Sports cardiology is an advancing field that encompasses the care of athletes and active individuals with known or previously undiagnosed cardiovascular conditions.
  • The ABCs of Primary Cardiovascular Prevention: 2019 Update Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) remains the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the US.
  • Fitness Linked to Lower Ventricular Arrhythmia Risk Later The finding fits with abundant evidence that cardiorespiratory fitness, here measured during exercise tests in men followed for decades, protects against cardiovascular events long-term.
  • How Important Is Breakfast, Really?   We're constantly being told by our moms that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. But is it really? Shhh, don't tell mom!
  • How Much Activity Offsets the Bad From Prolonged Sitting? Lots of sitting hurts long-term survival, an effect that can be partly and in some cases largely reversed by recommended physical-activity goals. But exchanging standing for sitting likely won't help.
  • Low Cholesterol Linked to Higher Hemorrhagic Stroke Risk High LDL cholesterol is a known risk factor for ischemic stroke, but a new study suggests it may also increase the risk for hemorrhagic stroke.
  • CVD Primary Prevention Guideline Puts Patients Center Stage   Leading with lifestyle, this panel from the guideline writing committee review the key takeaways from the 2019 ACC/AHA guideline for primary prevention of CVD, which was written with patients in mind.
  • Will Eating These Nutrients Lower Mortality?   Two nutrients that had no effect on mortality via supplementation were shown to be protective when taken in the form of food. But is it really about the nutrients?
  • Sleeping Pill Use Linked to Later Increase in BP Meds The use of sleeping tablets by older hypertensive patients was linked to a subsequent increase in the use of antihypertensive medication in a new study.
  • MitraClip for Secondary MR: Patient Selection Will Be Key   Wayne Batchelor, MD, and Catherine Otto, MD, discuss MitraClip for secondary MR. With FDA approval for this indication, how should cardiologists select patients to ensure COAPT-like results ?
  • Hopeful Heart: Hope for Improving QoL in Depressed HF Patients   'Depression kills,' says Bruce Rollman, MD, the lead author of the Hopeful Heart study. Screening can identify HF patients at risk for depression and improve outcomes.
  • Light Activity Lowers Cardiovascular Risk in Older Women The prospective trial, which used objectively measured movement, found that the performance of regular household tasks was associated with significant reductions in cardiovascular risk.
  • ACC 2019 Burnout: Is the Red Tide Finally Beginning to Turn? Burned out listening to burn-out talks? An intense session at ACC.19 left Melissa Walton-Shirley, MD, hopeful that some of those words would finally turn into action.
  • 'Move More, Sit Less' Counseling Can Change Habits in Diabetes With frequent counseling from exercise experts, patients with type 2 diabetes successfully replaced sedentary time with more physical activity in a 3-year randomized trial.
  • Most With Paroxysmal AF Report 'Triggers' Like Alcohol, Caffeine What do patients see as behavioral or environmental triggers of their symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation? Widely varying answers suggest that interventions need to be tightly individualized.
  • A Morning Walk, Less Sitting Can Lower Blood Pressure for Hours A brisk morning walk reduced blood pressure for several hours in a small study of older adults with overweight or obesity, and women benefited from adding 'mini walking breaks' every half hour.
  • Addressing CV Risk: What Clinicians Told Us Outcomes of CV risk factor management survey highlight the importance of addressing diet and lifestyle, diabetes treatment, and hypertension, as well as barriers to these considerations.
  • More Evidence Ties Diet Drinks to Greater Stroke Risk More research suggests an association between high consumption of diet drinks and increased stroke, as well as a strong link between higher intake and small vessel occlusions.
  • Uninterrupted Sedentary Time Tied to CVD in Older Women Prospective data in older women suggest that both sedentary time and the duration of sedentary bouts increase the risk for cardiovascular disease, the number one killer of women 65 years and older.
  • Cardiology Topics to Watch for in 2019 Wearables, aspirin for secondary prevention, AI and machine learning, and drug pricing are among the topics to keep an eye on in 2019, according to cardiologists Drs Harrington and Gibson.


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