Substance Abuse and Addiction News

 
 
  • Teen Vaping of Nicotine, Marijuana Surge Although teen use of combustible cigarettes and opioids declined over the past year, there's been a massive increase in their use of e-cigarettes, the latest Monitoring the Future survey reports.
  • Opioids for Chronic Pain Only Nominally Better Than Placebo Opioids offer marginal pain-control benefits over placebo for patients with chronic pain and "should not be first-line therapy" for pain management, investigators of a new meta-analysis say.
  • Youth Vaping an Epidemic, US Surgeon General Declares The Office of the US Surgeon General has officially declared e-cigarette use in youth an epidemic and called on the federal government, parents, teachers, government, and healthcare professionals to help stem the tide.
  • Worldwide Dementia Rates More Than Doubled Over 26-Year Span With the limited scope of dementia prevention and treatment, the burden on caregivers and health systems devoted to care of the elderly will continue to increase rapidly.
  • Dramatic Surge in Opioid Use Among Cardiac Surgery Patients The number of patients with opioid use disorder prior to undergoing cardiac surgery increased nine-fold in 15 years, with high rates of postoperative complications reported, new research confirms.
  • AAAP 2018Alcohol Abuse After Bariatric Surgery Common, Concerning Bariatric surgery, particularly Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, significantly increases the risk of developing alcohol use disorder.
  • Steer Clear of Driving While Taking Prescribed Opioids? Higher-dose opioids impair driving performance to a minor degree, but patients still need to be advised of this risk so they can decide whether to steer clear of driving while taking these meds.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease Tied to MI Risk People with inflammatory bowel disease may be up to 12 times more likely to suffer myocardial infarction (MI), a U.S. study suggests.
  • Mexican Officials Bust Fentanyl Lab in Mexico City A laboratory in Mexico City suspected of producing the powerful opioid fentanyl was raided on Wednesday, officials said, in a rare case of a bust involving a drug that is increasingly blamed for fueling the opioid crisis in the United States.
  • Six Michigan Physicians Charged in $464M Pain Pill Conspiracy Federal prosecutors have charged six Detroit-area physicians with fraudulent billing in connection with a scheme to hook patients on opioids and then force them to undergo unnecessary procedures.
  • Bond, James Bond, Has a Drinking Problem and Needs Help, Study Shows With a drinking problem at the severe end of the spectrum, 007 would benefit from alcohol education and a supportive workplace culture that provides strategies for managing workplace stress.
  • Israel Likely to Allow Medical Cannabis Exports by Year-End - Senior MP Israel will likely allow exports of medical cannabis by the end of the year, a top lawmaker said on Thursday, a move that would boost state coffers and slow the growing number of firms establishing farms abroad.
  • Top Ten Drugs Tied to Overdose Deaths US deaths from drug overdose increased 54% from 2011 to 2016, a new report by the CDC shows. Although rankings changed, the top 10 drugs involved remained consistent throughout the study period.
  • AAAP 2018Real-Time Remote Therapies Effective for Smoking Cessation Offering evaluation and treatment for smoking cessation via audiovisual conferencing results in quit rates equivalent to in-person treatment, new research shows.
  • Novel Drug for Cannabis Use Disorder Shows Promise A phase 2a trial provides evidence that pharmacologic fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibition is a viable therapeutic strategy to treat problematic cannabis use.
  • AAAP 2018Overdose Risk Factors in Addicted Youth Identified A history of IV drug use or mood disorders increases overdose risk in young patients in treatment for substance abuse.
  • Israel Likely to Allow Medical Cannabis Exports by Year-End - Senior MP Israel will likely allow exports of medical cannabis by the end of the year, a top lawmaker said on Thursday, a move that would boost state coffers and slow the growing number of firms establishing farms abroad.
  • Menopause a 'Critical Window' for Lifestyle CVD Prevention A healthy diet, exercise, and not smoking are all part of a heart-healthy lifestyle, but a new study suggests adherence at midlife is particularly important to reduce later atherosclerotic burden.
  • Evidence Thin on Medical Pot, EU Illegal Drugs Body Says Evidence is still thin on the benefits of medicinal use of cannabis, an EU agency that monitors illegal drugs and addiction said on Tuesday, urging more study into the topic as growing numbers of countries allow it.
  • Cannabis Use Not Harmful for Living Kidney Donors, Recipients Allowing marijuana users to be living kidney donors could safely expand the pool of available organs, according to the first-ever study comparing outcomes with marijuana-using and non-using donors.
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